How to read blood pressure How much is normal? Which type is dangerous?

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When going to the doctor, the first thing we have to do is measure our weight, height, and blood pressure. Measuring blood pressure is one of the most important pieces of information that doctors will use to evaluate a patient’s condition. Diagnosis and monitoring the results of disease treatment But did you know that you can read your blood pressure yourself to see which values ​​are normal? What is the risk of high blood pressure?

How to read blood pressure How much is normal? Which type is dangerous?

How to read blood pressure

Blood pressure is the measure of how much the heart contracts. And pushes blood from the heart through the arteries to carry oxygen to various parts of the body.

Normally, when measuring blood pressure, 3 numbers come out.

1.SYS (Systolic Blood Pressure) The top number is the pressure value while the heart contracts. Or known as high value The appropriate blood pressure value is 90-119 mmHg.
2.DIA (Diastolic Blood Pressure) The middle number is the pressure value while the heart relaxes. Or known as low value Ideal blood pressure is 60-79 mmHg
3.PUL The last number is the pulse or heart rate.

For the numbers we use to look at blood pressure, we look at high values ​​(SYS) and low values ​​(DIA). Generally The appropriate blood pressure for a normal person must not exceed 120/80 mmHg., which is a high value of not more than 120 and a low value of not more than 80 (you should measure your blood pressure after sitting and resting for at least 30 minutes or 1 hour, including after Eating, drinking coffee, smoking, or exercising) which should not exceed 140/90 mmHg. In addition, it should decrease while sitting, resting or sleeping. If your blood pressure is measured 2 times and it still exceeds it, it is considered a risk of high blood pressure.

What kind of blood pressure is dangerous?

The blood pressure readings that start to indicate that you have high blood pressure are the red numbers. For anyone who doesn’t want to risk high blood pressure. Or if you already have high blood pressure, you can change your behavior. Eating according to these recommendations

Slowing high blood pressure can be done with lifestyle changes and home remedies. The important guidelines are as follows ยูฟ่าเบท.

lifestyle changes

  • Lose weight if you are overweight or obese. You should lose weight to a normal level. By reducing the amount of food Focus on eating nutritious foods such as vegetables, fruits, and whole grains. Avoid foods that are high in fat, high in sugar, and high in salt.
  • control blood pressure Blood pressure should be measured regularly. If found to have high blood pressure You should modify your behavior and treat with medication as recommended by your doctor.
  • Exercise regularly Regular exercise improves blood circulation and lowers blood pressure. You should exercise for at least 30 minutes at least 5 days a week.
  • Stop smoking. Cigarettes stimulate blood pressure to rise. Therefore, you should refrain from smoking or quit smoking as soon as possible.
  • Reduce alcoholic beverages. Drinking too much alcohol can raise blood pressure. You should limit your alcohol intake to no more than 1 glass per day.
  • Get enough rest. Getting enough rest helps your body function more efficiently and lowers your blood pressure. You should sleep at least 7-8 hours per night.